CCJS at 2012 International Conference on Law & Society
Drs. Brian Johnson, Tom Loughran, Kiminori Nakamura, and Sally Simpson (CCJS Faculty) and Melissa Rorie (CCJS graduate student) present their research at the 2012 International Conference on Law & Society June 5-8, 2012.
The American Dream Gone Wrong: Applying a Criminogenic Tiers Approach to Explain America’s Mortgage Fraud Epidemic, Melissa Rorie, Sally S. Simpson. The paper examines the mortgage industry and discusses how changes in the industry since the mid-20th century has created a criminogenic market structure which was so complex that it could not adequately monitor behavior of the parties involved, and also incentivized fraudulent behavior at multiple levels of the industry. The paper also proposes a quantitative test of the Criminogenic Tiers approach by utilizing network analysis techniques.
Perceptions of Procedural Justice and Corporate Decisions to Participate in White Collar Crime: Evidence from Cross-National Data, Meghana Ayyagari, Thomas A. Loughran, Sally S. Simpson, Vojislav Maksimovic. Using recent data from the World Bank Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey, which is comprised of firm-level observations from multiple countries and industries, this paper develops and tests three competing hypotheses concerning the relationship between corporate actors’ perceptions of procedural justice and these two illicit behaviors.
Procedural Justice at Parole Release Decision: Examining the Relationship between Parole Rates and Offenders’ In-Prison Behavior across Institutions and Time, Kiminori Nakamura, Bret Bucklen. The current paper addresses the relationship between parole rates and in-prison behavior by empirically examining the parole rate and the rate of misconducts among offenders across institutions and time. The study also explores the potential variability in parole rates across correctional institutions in Pennsylvania. The paper also discusses future directions for research on procedural justice in correctional institutions and its implications for reentry policy.
Court Communities in Context: Variations in Perceptions of Case Processing Practices across U.S. District Courts, Brian Johnson. The current study investigates variation in court actors’ perceptions of their organizational arrangements, working relationships, punitive attitudes and case processing strategies across the full diversity of U.S. district court social environments. The key research questions focus on the extent to which local variations in practices supersede putative uniformity in federal punishments, examining the organizational, political and cultural factors that explain observed differences among federal court actors embedded in diverse social worlds. Future directions for research on contextual variations in organizational outcomes, legal perceptions and federal court actor attitudes and behaviors are highlighted and discussed.